A chromatin-dependent role of the fragile X mental retardation protein, FMRP, in the DNA damage response
byAlpatov R., Lesch B.J., Kinoshita M., Stützer A., Armache K.J., Simon M.D., Wang A., Vakoc C.R., Kingston R.E., Fischle W., Page D.C., Warren S.T., Shi Y.
Alpatov R., Lesch B.J., Kinoshita M., Stützer A., Armache K.J., Simon M.D. Wang A., Vakoc C.R., Kingston R.E., Fischle W., Page D.C., Warren S.T. and Shi Y. (2014). A chromatin-dependent role of the fragile X mental retardation protein, FMRP, in the DNA damage response. Cell 157:869-881
Fragile X syndrome, a common form of inherited intellectual disability, is caused by loss of the fragile X mental retardation protein FMRP. FMRP is present predominantly in the cytoplasm, where it regulates translation of proteins that are important for synaptic function. We identify FMRP as a chromatin-binding protein that functions in the DNA damage response (DDR). Specifically, we show that FMRP binds chromatin through its tandem Tudor (Agenet) domain in vitro and associates with chromatin in vivo. We also demonstrate that FMRP participates in the DDR in a chromatin-binding-dependent manner. The DDR machinery is known to play important roles in developmental processes such as gametogenesis. We show that FMRPoccupies meiotic chromosomes and regulates the dynamics of the DDR machinery during mouse spermatogenesis. These findings suggest that nuclear FMRP regulates genomic stability at the chromatin interface and may impact gametogenesis and some developmental aspects of fragile Xsyndrome.